Components of Fitness that are Health-Related

The term "physical fitness" was first used in a 1996 study by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. In layman's words, "physical fitness" refers to the body's capacity to adjust to the outside world, such as leisure, crises, and stress. Physical fitness may be divided into two categories: health-related physical fitness and sports-related physical fitness.



Physical fitness for health is made up of five elements:


Cardiorespiratory Endurance (CRE) is the ability of the lungs and heart to pump oxygen to functioning muscles and tissues. Improved cardiorespiratory endurance allows you to operate physically for extended periods of time without becoming exhausted. It also aids in increasing one's effectiveness in carrying out daily tasks.


Muscular Strength and Endurance: Muscular strength is the amount of power you can exert with your muscles, while muscular endurance is the number of times you can move that weight without becoming tired. Muscle strength and endurance may help you stay healthy, avoid accidents, and work more efficiently. Weight training may help you gain muscular strength and endurance.


Flexibility refers to the range of motion that a joint or a group of joints has.


People that are flexible can move around easily and have excellent posture. Joint mobility is restricted due to a lack of flexibility.


Body Composition: Body composition may be measured using a variety of formulae, including body fat ratio, BMI, waist–hip ratio, and so on. You have a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease if your result is within the usual range.


Sports-related Physical fitness entails the acquisition of abilities that will improve one's performance in athletic or sporting activities. Agility, coordination, balance, speed, power, and response time are all factors.