Taking a closer look at the various parts:

The capacity of the heart and lungs to work together to supply the body with the oxygen and fuel it requires under prolonged workloads is known as cardiovascular endurance. Jogging, cycling, and swimming are among examples. Typically, the Cooper Run is used to assess cardiovascular endurance.

Muscle strength refers to how much force a muscle can generate. Bench press, leg press, and bicep curl are among examples. The push-up test is the most common way of determining physical strength.

Muscular endurance refers to the muscles' capacity to execute repetitive tasks without becoming fatigued. Cycling, step machines, and elliptical machines are among examples. The most common use of the sit-up test is to assess muscle endurance.

The capacity of each joint to move through its full range of motion is referred to as flexibility. Individual muscle stretching or the capacity to execute functional motions like the lunge are two examples. The sit and reach test is the most common method of determining flexibility.

Body composition refers to the proportion of fat mass to lean muscle mass, bone mass, and organs. Underwater weighing, Skinfold measurements, and bioelectrical impedance may all be used to determine this. Underwater weighing is regarded the “gold standard” for body fat assessment, but due to the size and cost of the equipment required, only a few locations are equipped to do so.